Wild Boar

Category: Animal Info Pages

Wild BoarWild Boar (Sus scrofa), also known as razorbacks or bush pigs, are the wild ancestors of the domestic pig.  "Boar" is a term used to denote the adult males of many species of pig, but also applies to the entire species of wild boar.  Wild boar are found throughout Europe, the Mediterranean, Asia, and have been introduced to the Americas and Australia.


The coloration on boar varies from dark grey to black or brown, but some Asian species can even have a white coloration.  During winter months the fur becomes much thicker, and will sometimes become a darker grey or black color.  


Wild boar are typically nocturnal or crepuscular, but will adapt to most feeding situations.  They are omnivorous in the truest sense of the term, eating just about anything they come across.  They will forage or scavenge for grasses, nuts, berries, dead animals, nesting birds and their eggs, roots, tubers, insects, small reptiles, and even trash.  Australian boar have been known to eat young deer and lamb.


Adult boar can reach lengths of roughly 80 inches from snout to butt, standing 42 inches at the shoulder.  Average weight for adults of the species can reach 200 pounds, though there is much variation between geographic ranges.


Adult males develop the characteristic tusks, which are simply teeth that never stop growing.  Tusks protrude from the mouth, from their upper and lower canine area. These serve as weapons and tools. The upper tusks are bent upwards in males, and are often ground against the lower ones to produce sharp edges. The tusks normally measure about 2 and a half inches, but have been measured at up to almost 5 inches in exceptional cases.  The females also have sharp canines, but they are smaller, and do not protrude.  



Adult males are usually solitary outside of the breeding season, but females and their offspring (both sub-adult males and females) live in groups called sounders. Sounders typically number around 20 animals, although groups of over 50 have been seen, and will consist of 2 to 3 sows; one of which will be the dominant female. Group structure changes with the coming and going of farrowing females, the migration of maturing males (usually when they reach around 20 months) and the arrival of unrelated sexually active males.


Other cool facts?  


A group of pigs, typically a female and her offspring, are called a sounder.


Tigers that hunt boar will rarely attack an adult male, and mature boar have gored tigers to death!